“Not your typical Russian grammar app”

At the time of writing I have 2060 consecutive days on Duolingo. During that time I’ve appreciated Duo for the vocabulary but found it very difficult to learn grammar. I’ve got a couple of grammar books (that I don’t have the time to properly study) and I’ve tried several grammar apps (that are characteristically poorly written, poorly explained and generally very unhelpful). I’ve learned more Russian grammar from this app in three days than I have in the past five years. If you’re serious about understanding Russian, this is the best £25 you’ll spend.

Review by user JezDavis – Aug 26, 2023

Free Russian Grammar PDF Download

Download a free extract from our Russian Grammar book – Bootstrap Russian Grammar.

The PDF includes the first 10 topics:

1. The verb ‘to be’
2. Personal pronouns – яононаономывыони
3. Это : this, that, it
4. Simple negation with не
5. Asking and answering questions with да and нет
6. Formality in Russian: вы and ты
7. Who and what – кто and что
8. Gender and adjectives in Russian
9. The conjunctions ино and а
10. An introduction to Russian Plurals

Get your copy here:

A Guide to the Russian Verbs of Motion

Verbs of motion are used to describe movement from one place to another. In English ‘to go’ is the most common verb of motion. The verbs of motion in Russian are considerably more complicated. As with all Russian verbs there are imperfective and perfective forms. But additionally, they have have two imperfective forms, the unidirectional and multidirectional (or habitual), that indicate whether the journey is one-way or involves a return (or habitual – daily, every morning, weekly etc.) trip.

These are the imperfective forms of the verb ‘to go.

By footBy transport
one-way journey
To go on foot, in one direction.

* I am going to the library (by foot)
To go by transport, in one direction.

* I am going to Moscow (by train)
or habitual
To go on foot, in more than one direction, or repetitively.

* I go to school (every morning – by foot).
To go by transport, in more than one direction, or repetitively

* I go to school (every morning – by bus)

The perfective forms of the verb ‘to go are пойти and поехать. These do not have different unidirectional and multidirectional forms and are most frequently used for the past or future tense.

By footBy transport

* я пошёл – I went (by foot)
* я пойду – I will go (by foot)

* Я пое́хал – I went (by transport)
* Я пое́ду – I will go (by transport)

The Russian verbs of motion conjugate irregularly:

Идти – To go on foot in one direction.
Present tensePast tense
Я идуОн шёл (masc. sing)
Ты идёшьОна шла (fem. sing)
Он идётОно шло (neu. sing)
Мы идёмОни шли (plural)
Вы идёте
Они идут

Ходить – To go on foot, in more than one direction, or repetitively.

Present tensePast tense
Я хожуОн ходил (masc. sing)
Ты ходишьОна ходила (fem. sing)
Он ходитОно ходило (neu. sing)
Мы ходимОни ходили (plural)
Вы ходите
Они ходят
Ехать – To go by transport, in one direction.
Present tensePast tense
Я едуОн ехал (masc. sing)
Ты едешьОна ехала (fem. sing)
Он едетОно ехало (neu. sing)
Мы едемОни ехали (plural)
Вы едете
Они едут
Ездить – To go by transport, in one direction.
Present tensePast tense
Я езжуОн ездил (masc. sing)
Ты ездишьОна ездила (fem. sing)
Он ездитОно ездило (neu. sing)
Мы ездимОни ездили (plural)
Вы ездите
Они ездят

Ready to learn Russian Grammar step-by-step?
Bootstrap Russian Grammar

A 535-page book and accompanying mobile app.
● Step-by-step introduction to French grammar in 200 topics.
● Over 3,000 annotated examples.
● High-quality audio pronunciations via the app.

How long will it take me to become fluent in Russian?

The length of time it takes to become fluent in Russian can vary greatly depending on a number of factors, such as the individual’s aptitude for language learning, the amount of time dedicated to both studying and practicing the language, and previous experiences with language learning.

According to the Foreign Service Institute (FSI), a US government organization that provides language training to diplomats, Russian is considered a “Category III” language, which means that it is considered one of the most difficult languages for native English speakers to learn. FSI estimates that it takes about 2200 hours of study, or about 44 weeks of full-time study, for an English speaker to become proficient in Russian.

However, it’s worth noting that these are just estimates, and many people may become fluent in a shorter or longer period of time depending on their learning style, resources and motivation. It’s also worth noting that fluency is a complex and multi-dimensional concept, it’s not only about speaking and understanding the language but also about being able to use it in a wide variety of situations. Reading and writing are also important aspects of fluency.

It’s important to remember that learning a new language is a long-term commitment and it’s important to be patient with yourself and set realistic goals. With consistent practice and a good study plan, you can make progress towards fluency in Russian.

Ready to learn Russian Grammar step-by-step?
Bootstrap Russian Grammar

A 535-page book and accompanying mobile app.
● Step-by-step introduction to French grammar in 200 topics.
● Over 3,000 annotated examples.
● High-quality audio pronunciations via the app.

The Numbers 1 to 10 in Russian

1. один – one
2. два – two
3. три – three
4. четыре – four
5. пять – five
6. шесть – six
7. семь – seven
8. восемь – eight
9. девять – nine
10. десять – ten

Play this video below for the pronunciation of each of the numbers.

Learn Russian Grammar Step-by-step


A 535-page book and accompanying mobile app.
● Step-by-step introduction to Russian grammar in 200 topics.
● Over 3,000 annotated examples.
● High-quality audio pronunciations via the app.
● Fun and challenging exercises to ensure retention.

Check them out here: https://declansoftware.com/russiangrammar.html

Learn Russian Grammar Step‑by‑step - book and app

Learn Russian Step-by-Step: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you interested in learning Russian and want to start from scratch? Look no further. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of learning Russian.

Step 1: The Russian Alphabet

The first step in learning Russian is to familiarize yourself with the Russian alphabet. The Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters and is based on the Cyrillic script. This is pretty straightforward except for a couple silent letters and the infamous ы which has no equivalent sound in any other European language. But you’ll get the hang of it pretty quickly with lots of practice.

Step 2: Basic Grammar

After you have learned the Russian alphabet, the next step is to start with the basics of Russian grammar. This includes learning basic sentence structures, verb conjugations, and noun declensions. We recommend focusing on present tense verbs and basic vocabulary to get started.

BOOTSTRAP RUSSIAN GRAMMAR will help with this! And progress styep-by-step to the advanced grammar too.

Step 3: Building Vocabulary

One of the most important parts of learning any language is building a strong vocabulary. We recommend starting with the most commonly used words in Russian and gradually adding to your vocabulary. One useful resource is the 1000 most common Russian words list. Additionally, reading Russian literature and listening to Russian music can help you pick up new words and phrases.

BOOTSTRAP RUSSIAN GRAMMAR will help with this!

Step 4: Practicing Listening and Speaking

As you build your vocabulary, it is important to practice listening and speaking skills. One great way to do this is by finding a language partner or tutor who can help you practice speaking and listening.

The BOOTSTRAP RUSSIAN GRAMMAR app will help with this!

Step 5: Reading and Writing

As you progress in your Russian language learning, it is important to start practicing reading and writing skills. One way to do this is by reading Russian texts, such as news articles or books, and practicing writing in Russian. We recommend starting with simple texts and gradually increasing the difficulty.

Step 6: Immersion

Finally, the best way to become proficient in Russian is to immerse yourself in the language and culture. This can include watching Russian movies and TV shows, listening to Russian music, and even traveling to Russia to practice your language skills. There are loads of free resources on the internet to help with this.

In conclusion, learning Russian step-by-step takes time and dedication. However, by following these six steps, you can gradually build your language skills and become proficient in Russian. Good luck (Удачи!) on your Russian language learning journey!

Russian Grammar : Gender and adjectives

Learn Russian Grammar step-by-step

TOPIC 8: Gender and adjectives

All Russian nouns (things) have a gender.

Russian has 3 genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter.

  • Most masculine nouns end in a consonant, «-й» or the soft sign «-ь»
  • Most feminine nouns end in «-а» or «-я». And occasionally with the soft sign «-ь».
  • Most neuter nouns end in «-о» or «-е».

The form of the adjective must agree the gender of the noun it modifies.

  • Typically a masculine adjective ends in «-ый» or «-ой»
  • Typically a feminine adjective ends in «-ая»
  • Typically a neuter adjective ends in «-ое»

More details and examples with audio here: http://www.declansoftware.com/grammar/russian/gender_and_adjectives.html

Bootstrap Russian Grammar

We are delighted to announce the release of Bootstrap Russian Grammar – a book and mobile app combo.

Bootstrap Russian Grammar is a new way to learn Russian grammar. Starting from the beginning, the idea is progress in small self-contained steps (called ‘topics’). Each topic builds on the last, by incrementally adding new grammatical patterns, new vocabulary and lots of useful examples.

In total there are 200 grammar topics and over 3,000 examples phrases.

Each topic includes a thorough explanation of the grammar and then lots of examples that illustrate the grammar. Each example includes an English translation, as well as notes highlighting how each example illustrates that topic’s grammar, as well as the meanings of new Russian words.

A companion mobile application is now available called “BootStrap Russian Grammar“. The app contains all the content contained in this book – including 200 grammar topics and over 3000 example phrases. And in additional, there is high quality Russian native-speaker audio for every example.

The book and mobile app are easy to coordinate using QR codes. Just scan the QR code at the beginning of any chapter in the book with the app and it will take you straight to the topic where you will find all the examples with the high-quality audio matching the chapter in the book.

So if you prefer to have the grammar set out in book form but would also like to be able to listen to the example sentences, then the book/app combination is perfect for you.

FREE sample of the first 10 topics of the book is available here: https://www.declansoftware.com/russian/brg_SAMPLE.pdf

The complete 535-page book is available on Amazon here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/0646861433

The App is available on the iOS App Store here: https://apple.co/3wVybhY. The first 10 topics are also free.

The Android version is coming soon.

Bootstrapping Russian: Grammar Lesson Two: Formality in Russian: Вы and Ты

Russian Grammar Lesson 2: Formality in Russian: Вы and Ты

  • The Russian word for ‘you’ (the second person) depends on who is being addressed.
  1. вы is used when addressing someone formally or politely.
  2. Ты is used when talking to friends and family.
  • Grammatically вы behaves just like the second person plural (‘you guys’, ‘ya’ll’).
  • So when first using вы imagine you are talking to two people.


Ты учитель? (Are you (informal) a teacher?)
[ты is the informal ‘you’.]

Ты уже здесь? (Are you (informal) here yet?)
[ты is the informal ‘you’; уже means ‘yet’ or ‘already’.]

Вы профессор? (Are you (formal) a/the professor?)
[вы is the formal ‘you’.]

Вы русский? (Are you (formal) Russian (male)?)
[вы is the formal ‘you’; русский is the male adjective for ‘Russian’.]

Когда вы дома? (When are you (formal) at home?)
[вы is the formal ‘you’; когда means ‘when’.]

Вы всегда дома. (You (formal) are always at home.)
[вы is the formal ‘you’; всегда means ‘always’.]

Когда ты здесь? (When are you (informal) here?)
[ты is the informal ‘you’; когда means ‘when’.]

Ты никогда здесь. (You (informal) are never here.)
[ты is the informal ‘you’; никогда means ‘never’.]

Почему ты здесь? (Why are you (informal) here?)
[ты is the informal ‘you’; почему means ‘why’.]

Вы иногда там? (Are you (formal) sometimes there?)
[вы is the formal ‘you’; иногда means ‘sometimes’.]

Вы часто там? (Are you often there?)
[вы is the formal ‘you’; часто means ‘often’.]