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Russian grammar - Verb Conjugations: Type II

Verb Conjugations: Type II

The second verb present tense conjugation type is:

Type II: Verbs whose infinitives end in -ить. These conjugate as follows:

-- говорить (to speak, to say): я говорю, ты говоришь, он говорит, мы говорим, вы говорите, они говорят

-- учить (to teach): я учу, ты учишь, она учит, мы учим, вы учите, они учат

The difference here is that final stem consonants г, к, ж, ч, ш and щ are followed by -у/-ат rather than -ю/-ят.

There are many exceptions to the Type I and Type II conjugation patterns, but these will give you a good first stab when encountering a new Russian verb.

Examples:
Я говорю о погоде.
I am talking about the weather.

говорить (to talk, to speak) (я) говорю

Stem ends in р so use normal -ю/-ят conjugation endings.

Она говорит во сне.
She is talking in her sleep.

говорить (to talk, to speak) (она) говорит

Stem ends in р so use normal -ю/-ят conjugation endings.

Я учу историю в школе.
I am studying history at school.

учить (to study) (я) учу

Stem ends in ч so use -у/-ат conjugation endings.

Вот что мы учим в вечерней школе.
That's what we study in night school.

учить (to study) (мы) учим

Stem ends in ч so use -у/-ат conjugation endings.

Они учат русский язык в Лондоне.
They study Russian language in London.

учить (to study) (они) учат

Stem ends in ч so use -у/-ат conjugation endings.

Где в Санкт-Петербурге вы живёте?
Where in Saint Petersburg do you live?

жить (to live) (вы) живёте

Single syllable verbs are usually irregular - need to learn them by heart.

Они живут вместе.
They live together.

жить (to live) (они) живут

Single syllable verbs are usually irregular - need to learn them by heart.

Я живу одна.
I (female) live alone.

жить (to live) (я) живу

Single syllable verbs are usually irregular - need to learn them by heart.

Мы пьём чай утром.
We drink tea in the morning.

пить (to drink) (мы) пьём

Single syllable verbs are usually irregular - need to learn them by heart.

Они пьют наше пиво!
They are drinking our beer!

пить (to drink) (они) пьют

Single syllable verbs are usually irregular - need to learn them by heart.