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Russian grammar - The Imperative - Part 2

The Imperative - Part 2

This topic covers the second rule for forming the imperative:

For verbs whose stem ends in a vowel: Take the 3rd person plural form, drop the ending and add «-й» for the ты form. And «-йте» for the вы form.

Recall: Perfective aspect for a.) one-time requests, and b.) warnings or cautions

Recall: Imperfective aspect for a.) general or repeated requests, b.) social invitations (even if just a one-time action), c.) 'go on - go ahead' prompts and d.) negated commands.

Examples:
Сделай это быстро!
Do it fast!

сделать (perf.) сдела- +й сделай

Perfective because its a one-time request with an expected result.

Подумай об этом
Think about it.

подумать (perf.) подума- +й подумай

Perfective because 'Think about IT' suggests it is a one-off request.

Пожалуйста, дай твой словарь.
Please give (me) your dictionary.

дать (perf.) да- +й дай

Perfective because its a one-time request with an expected result.

Закрой дверь
Close the door

закрыть (perf.) закро- +й закрой

Perfective because its a one-time request with an expected result.

Не мечтай - сделай уроки!
Do not daydream - do your homework!

мечтать (imperf.) мечта- +й мечтай

Imperfective because its a negated command.

Открой окно!
Open the window!

открыть (perf.) откро- +й открой

Perfective because its a one-time request with an expected result.

Всегда отвечайте на вопросы учителя.
Always answer the teacher's questions.

отвечать (imperf.) отвеча- + йте отвечайте

Imperfective because its a general or repeated request.

Упорно работай!
Work hard!

работать (imperf.) работа- +й работай

Imperfective because its a general or repeated request.

Дети! Играйте красиво!
Children! Play nicely!

играть (imperf.) игра- +йте играйте

Imperfective because its a general or repeated request.

Давайте - танцуйте!
Come on - dance!

танцевать (imperf.) танцу- +йте танцуйте

Imperfective because its a social invitation.

Не стойте здесь!
Don't stand here.

стоять (imperf.) сто- +йте стойте

Imperfective because its a negated command.

Не слушай его, он просто шутит.
Don't listen to him, he is just joking.

слушать (imperf.) слуша- +й слушай

Imperfective because its a negated command.

Тщательно думайте об этом.
Think carefully about it.

думать (imperf.) дума- + -йте думайте;

Imperfective because its a general or repeated request.

Не играй в игры.
Don't play games.

играть (imperf.) игра- +й играй

Imperfective because its a general or repeated request.