Bootstrap French Grammar

Learn French Grammar step-by-step

French grammar - Very or extremely - tout as an adverb

Very or extremely - tout as an adverb

As an adverb tout is typically used to modify an adjective and means 'extremely', 'completely', 'entirely' or 'totally'.

-- Synonyms include entièrement, complètement, and très.

The adjective tout in invariable with gender and number.

The exception is for feminine adjectives - when they begin with consonant or an aspirated 'h' there is agreement (toute or toutes).

Il est tout seul.
He is completely alone.
Le bébé est tout petit.
The baby is very small.

tout petit is a very common term

Ils sont tout étonnés.
They are quite amazed.
J'ai mangé la pizza tout entière.
I ate the whole pizza.
Je suis tout triste.
I am very sad.
C'est tout fini.
It is completely over. *OR* It is all over.
Ils sont tout heureux.
They are totally happy.
Mon chat est tout mouillé.
My cat is all wet.
Elle est tout heureuse.
She is totally happy.

Feminine but before an aspirated 'h' so no agreement

Elle est tout excitée.
She's all excited.

Feminine but before vowel so no agreement

Elle est toute petite.
She is very small.

Feminine before a constant so agreement

Ma mère est toute triste, mes filles sont aussi toutes tristes.
My mother is very sad, my daughters are also very sad.

Feminine before a constant so agreement (in both instances)

Pourquoi le train est-il tout plein ?
Why is the train completely full?
La poste est tout loin d'ici, mais la marie est tout près.
The post office is quite far from here but the town hall is very close.
Il faut continuer tout droit.
(You) must continue straight ahead.

tout droit means 'straight ahead'

Ils sont tout contents d'être ici.
They are very happy to be here.
Ils sont tous contents d'être ici.
They are all happy to be here.

Note the difference in meaning from the previous example: tout ('very') verses tous ('extremely')