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French grammar - To go - the verb aller

To go - the verb aller

The verb aller means 'to go'. It is classified as an -ER-type verb due to its -er ending.

Its present tense conjugations are as follows:

je vais - 'I go'

tu vas - 'you (familiar) go'

il & elle va - 'he goes' or 'she goes'

nous allons - 'we go'

vous allez - 'you (plural)' or 'you (formal) go'

ils & elles vont - 'they go'

Note that the present tense in French could mean the simple present (eg. 'I go everyday') or the present continuous (eg, 'I am going at the moment').

je vais
I go / I am going
tu vas
you (familiar) go / you are going
il va
he goes / he is going
elle va
she goes / she is going
nous allons
we go / we are going
nous n'allons pas
we do not go / we are not going
vous allez
you (plural) go / you are going
ils vont
they go / they are going
elles vont
they (females) go / they are going
Jacques va.
Jacques goes/is going.
Jean et Alexandre vont.
Jean and Alexandre go/are going.
Ça va ?
How goes it? *OR* How are you?

A very common greeting - literally 'it goes?'

ça means 'it' or 'this'

Ça va bien ?
It is going well?

Literally 'it goes well?'

bien means 'well' or 'fine'

Oui, ça va.
Yes, it goes fine. *OR* Yes, I am well.
Non, ça ne va pas.
No, it is not going well.
Où allez-vous ?
Where are you (formal) going?

means both 'where' (location) and 'to where' (destination)

Où vont-elles ?
Where are they (females) going?
Pourquoi vas-tu ?
Why are you (familiar) going?
Je vais avec Alec.
I'm going with Alec.