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French grammar - Irregular -IR verbs - Part IV

Irregular -IR verbs - Part IV

The final group of irregular -IR verb are completely or truly irregular - each conjugates in its own unique way.

This group includes voir ('to see') and avoir ('to have') which we already covered in earlier topics.

Other common verbs in the group include:

courir - 'to run' or 'to race'

recevoir - 'to receive' or 'to receive (guests or people in meetings)'

mourir - 'to die'

valoir - 'to be worth'

There are several more important verbs of this type - they will be discussed separately in coming topics.

Examples:
Je cours au travail le matin.
I run to work in the morning

courir je cours

courir (verb) means 'to run' or 'to race'

Pourquoi cours-tu partout ?
Why do you run everywhere?

courir tu cours

Il court pour Peugeot.
He races for Peugeot.

courir il court

Nous sommes en retard - nous courons vers l'arrêt de bus.
We are late - we are running to the bus stop.

courir nous courons

Courez-vous régulièrement ?
Do you (formal) run regularly?

courir vous courez

régulièrement (adv) means 'regularly'

Les chevaux - ils courent très vite.
The horses - they run very fast.

courir ils courent

Je reçois une pension du gouvernement.
I receive a pension from the government.

recevoir je reçois

recevoir (verb) means 'to receive' or 'to receive (guests or people in meetings)'

pension (f) means 'pension'

Recevez-vous maintenant du courrier à votre nouvelle adresse ?
Are you (formal) now receiving mail at your new address?

recevoir tu reçois

courrier (m) means 'mail'

Il reçoit souvent des lettres de la mairie.
He often receives letters from the town hall.

recevoir il reçoit

mairie (f) means 'town hall'

Dans cette partie du pays, nous recevons beaucoup de pluie au printemps.
In this part of the country we receive a lot of rain in spring.

recevoir nous recevons

pluie (f) means 'rain'

printemps (m) means 'spring'

En France, recevez-vous des contraventions par courrier ?
In France do you receive parking tickets by mail?

recevoir vous recevez

contravention (f) means 'parking ticket'

Ils reçoivent des invités dans la grande salle.
They receive guests in the grand hall.

recevoir ils reçoivent

Je meurs de faim !
I'm starving! / I am dying of hunger!

mourir je meurs

mourir (verb) means 'to die'

faim (f) means 'hunger'

Dans le nord, si tu ne t'habilles pas bien, tu meurs.
In the north, if you don't dress well, you die.

mourir tu meurs

Elle meurt de soif.
She is dying of thirst.

mourir il meurt

soif (f) means 'thirst'

Nous mourons de froid !
We are dying of cold!

mourir nous mourons

Si vous ne mangez pas, vous mourez.
If you (formal) don't eat, you die.

mourir vous mourez

Les enfants meurent d'ennui.
The children are dying of boredom.

mourir ils meurent

mourir de means 'to die of (something)'l ennui (m) means 'boredom' or 'problem'

Je meurs d'envie d'un café.
I'm dying for a coffee.

mourir d'envie de means 'to die to have (something)'

Je vaux un million d'euros.
I am worth one million euros.

valoir je vaux

valoir (verb) means 'to be worth'

million (m) means 'million'

Tu vaux mieux que ça.
You (familiar) are better than that.

valoir tu vaux

This is an expression

Ça vaut combien ?
How much is it worth?

valoir il vaut

combien means 'how much'

Cette voiture vaut très cher.
This car is worth a lot.
Ça vaut mieux.
It's better. *OR* That would be better.

mieux means 'better'

Il vaut mieux que je parte.
It is better that I leave.
Nous valons tous pareil.
We are all worth the same. /

Or 'We are all worth the same.' valoir nous valons

pareil (m) means 'the same'

The feminine of pareil is pareille)

Vous valez beaucoup pour notre entreprise.
you (formal) are worth

valoir vous valez

entreprise (f) means 'company' or 'business'

Les timbres - ils valent plus ensemble.
The stamps - they are worth more together.

valoir ils valent

ensemble means 'together'