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Korean grammar - Would have - ㄹ/을 텐데

Would have - ㄹ/을 텐데

The pattern 텐데 is commonly used to express probability or conjecture.

When used at the end of a sentence (/ 텐데요) it is common to use this form in the second clause of a hypothetical (다면).

When used in the middle of a sentence / 텐데 has the meaning of 'it is probable that so/but'.

그 가게 쌀은 더 비쌌을 텐데요.
Rice would have been more expensive in that shop.
학교에 열심히 다녔다면 좋은 성적을 받았을 텐데요.
If (I) had worked hard in school, (I) would have received good grades.
옷을 따뜻하게 입었다면 감기에 걸리지 않았을 텐데요.
If (I) had worn warm clothes, (I) wouldn't have caught a cold.
날씨가 좋았다면 저는 공원에 갔을 텐데요.
If the weather had been nice, (I) would have gone to the park.
제가 돈이 있었다면 그것을 샀을 텐데요.
If I had money, (I) would have bought that.
제가 돈이 있으면 그것을 살 텐데요.
(I) would buy that if I had money.
음식이 더 있으면 좋을 텐데요.
It would be good if there was more food.
길이 막힐 텐데 지하철로 가십시오.
The road will be blocked, so take the subway.

막히다 means 'to be blocked' or 'to be obstructed'

김치찌개가 매울 텐데 괜찮겠어요?
Kimchi jjigae must be spicy but is that ok?

김치찌개 is a very spicy Korean soup

정구 씨가 많이 늦을 텐데 기다릴 거예요?
Chonggu must be very late, but will (you) wait?
날씨가 추울 텐데 긴 바지를 입어요.
The weather is likely to be cold, so (I) suggest (you) wear long pants.
다른 사람도 좀 생각하면 좋을 텐데요.
t would be good if (you) could also think a little of other people.
오늘 시험을 세 개 봤어요. 많이 피곤할 텐데 푹 쉬어요.
(I) took three exams today. (You) must be very tired - rest well.
바쁠 텐데 와 줘서 고마워요.
You must be busy - thank (you) for coming.
힘드실 텐데 초대해 주셔서 감사합니다.
It must be difficult but thank (you) for inviting me.

A common expression meaning 'Thanks for inviting me.'

초대하다 means 'to invite'

먼 길 오시느라 힘드셨을 텐데 여기 좀 앉아서 쉬세요. [IS 먼 a contraction?]
It must have been difficult for (you) to come from a long way, so please sit here and rest.

means 'far away' from

나는 야근을 해서 늦을 텐데 너희들끼리 먼저 저녁을 먹는 게 어때?
(I) will probably be late because I will have to work overtime, so why don't you (plural) eat dinner together first?
집에 어머니가 계실 텐데 왜 전화를 안 받으시지?
If (your) mother is at home, why isn't (she) answering the phone?
저 사람은 학생일 텐데 선생님보다 나이가 많아 보이네.
That person must be a student, but he looks older than the teacher.
길이 막힐 텐데 전기 자전거를 타는 게 어때요.
The road will be blocked, so how about riding an electric bike?
내일은 바쁠 텐데 다음에 만나기로 해요.
Tomorrow (I) will probably be busy, so (we) will meet next time.
민수 씨는 치마를 입으면 예쁠텐데 왜 안 입어요?
Minsu will (probably) pretty if (she) wore a skirt, so why not?
그 커피숍은 아홉 시에 문을 닫을 텐데 다른 곳으로 가죠.
The coffee shop probably closes at nine o'clock, so let's go somewhere else.
길이 막힐 텐데 좀 일찍 출발하는 게 어때요?
The road will probably be blocked, so why not start a little earlier?
그녀는 수업 중일 텐데 나중에 전화해 보세요.
She must be in class, so please call (her) later.
표가 없을 텐데 집에서 TV로 보는 게어때요?
There are probably no tickets, but how about watching it on TV at home?