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Korean grammar - The Future Tense - (으)ㄹ 거예요

The Future Tense - (으)ㄹ 거예요

Pattern: Verb stem + () 거예요

The most common way to form the future tense is the pattern Verb stem + () 거예요.

-- Add the is the Verb stem ends in a consonant.

When used in the first person (I or me) 거예요 is often abbreviated to 게요.

This pattern should not be used with the verb 이다. The phrase 거예요 is used to state an assumption rather than form the future tense.

You will often see () 거예요 written without a space. Both are correct.

김 과장이 올 거예요.
Manager Kim will come.
연주가 노래할 거예요.
Yeonju will sing.
전화가 울릴 거예요.
The phone will ring.
버스를 더 기다릴 거예요.
(I) will wait more (longer) for the bus.
지금 갈게요.
(I) will go/leave now.

First person abbreviated form: () 게요

일본에 얼마 동안 있을 거예요?
How long will (you) be in Japan?
언니가 나갈 거예요.
(My) (female's) older sister will go out.

나가다 means 'to go out'

가수가 춤출 거예요.
A singer will dance.
방학 동안 뭐 할 거예요?
What are (you) going to do during the school vacation?
명우는 회사에 못 갈 거예요.
Myungwoo won’t be able to go work.
원장님이 제 머리 잘라 줄 거예요.
The director will cut (my) hair.

자르다 (to cut) 잘라

이웃 사람이 택시를 불러 줄 거예요.
A neighbour will call a taxi.
이제부터 진짜 한국어 공부 열심히 할 거예요.
From now on, (I) will study Korean really hard.
내일은 일찍 일어날 거예요.
(I) will get up early tomorrow.

First person abbreviated form: () 게요

진석이는 아침에 운동할 거예요.
Jinseok will exercise morning.
다음 주 토요일에 저는 놀이공원에 갈 거예요.
Next Saturday I'm going to an amusement park.
돈을 모아서 언젠가는 새 차를 살 거예요.
(I) will save up some money and buy a new car someday.
금방 갈게요.
(I) will go soon.

First person abbreviated form: () 게요

금방 means 'soon'

준호는 컴퓨터를 사지 않을 거예요.
Junho will not buy a computer.

Verb negation ( 않다) in the future tense

저는 공부하지 않을 거예요.
I will not study.

Verb negation ( 않다) in the future tense

제 친구는 스키 타지 않을 거예요.
My friend will not ski.

Verb negation ( 않다) in the future tense

국이 식을 거예요.
The soup will get cold.

식다 means 'to get cold' or 'to cool down'

비가 올 거예요.
It will rain.
오늘 반드시 이 일을 끝낼 거예요.
(I) will definitely finish this job today.