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Korean grammar - Korean Verbs - The Infinitive

Korean Verbs - The Infinitive

Pattern: Verb stem +

The infinitive or dictionary form of Korean verbs comprises the verb stem and the infinitive ending .

So the verb 이다 (to be) has the stem and the ending

And the verb 아니다 (to not be) has the stem 아니 and the ending

And the verb 있다 (to exist, to have) has the stem and the ending

And the verb 없다 (to not exist, to not have) has the stem and the ending

This topic lists a bunch of common verbs in their infinitive form.

The notes include information about each verb that determines how the verb conjugates into its present (covered in the next topic) and other tense forms.

Examples:
자다
to sleep

stem + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

가다
to go

stem + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

앉다
to sit, to sit down

stem + ending

verb stem final letter is a consonant, final vowel is

보다
to look

stem + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

오다
to come

stem + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

아프다
to be sick

stem 아프 + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

아름답다
to be beautiful

stem 차갑 + ending

verb stem final letter is

차갑다
to be cold

stem 차갑 + ending

verb stem final letter is

더럽다
to be dirty

stem 더럽 + ending

verb stem final letter is

무겁다
to be heavy

stem 무겁 + ending

verb stem final letter is

일하다
to work

stem 일하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

공부하다
to study

stem 공부하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

노래하다
to sing

stem 노래하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

질주하다
to gallop

stem 질주하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

수영하다
to swim

stem 수영하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

운동하다
to exercise

stem 운동하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

운전하다
to drive

stem 운전하 + ending

this is 하다 verb

가르치다
to teach

stem 가르치 + ending

this is 하다 verb

달리다
to run

stem 달리 + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

느리다
to be slow

stem 느리 + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

짖다
to bark

stem + ending

verb stem final letter is a consonant, final vowel is

맛있다
to be tasty

stem 맛있 + ending

verb stem final letter is a consonant, final vowel is

means 'taste'

서다
to stand

stem + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

배우다
to learn

stem 배우 + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is

싸우다
to fight

stem 싸우 + ending

verb stem final letter and final vowel is