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Korean grammar - If, when, whenever - (으)면

If, when, whenever - (으)면

Pattern: Verb stem + ()

The pattern Verb stem + () is used to indicate that one action occurs 'when/if' another action occurs.

It can mean a specific instance of events or more generally ('whenever')

Whether this means 'if', 'when' or 'whenever' is inferred from the context.

학교에 가면 알려 주세요.
When/if (you) go to school, let (me) know.
그 사람을 만나면 안부 전해주세요.
If (you) see him, please give (him) (my) regards.

안부 means 'regards' or 'someone's news' or 'someone's wellbeing'

전하다 means 'to pass on' or 'to convey'

안부 전해 주다 means 'to give one's regards'

그 사람 소식을 들으면 알려줄게요.
If (I) hear of him, (I) will let you know.
취직하면 한턱낼 거예요.
If (I) get the job, (I) will treat you.
돈을 많이 벌면 무엇을 하고 싶어요?
If (you) earn a lot of money, what do (you) want to do?
저는 돈을 많이 벌면 유럽 여행을 하고 싶어요.
If I earn a lot of money, I want to travel to Europe.
질문이 있으면 언제든지 물어보세요.
If (you) have a question, ask (me) anytime.
돈 있으면 좀 빌려줄래?
If (you) have any money, can (you) lend (me) some?
수업이 일찍 끝나면 뭐 할 거예요?
If the class finishes early, what are (you) going to do?
학생이면 학생증을 보여 주세요.
If (you) are a student, please show (me) (your) student ID.
저는 고기를 많이 먹으면 배가 아파요.
Whenever I eat too much meat, (my) stomach hurts.
저는 술을 마시면 얼굴이 빨개져요.
Whenever I drink alcohol, (my) face turns red.
피자를 먹으면 저는 콜라를 마셔요
Whenever (I) eat pizza, I drink Coke.