Bootstrap Korean Grammar

Learn Korean Grammar step-by-step

Korean grammar - Gerunds: turning verbs into nouns

Gerunds: turning verbs into nouns

Pattern: Verb stem + /()/()

A gerund is a verb like 'to do' that is turned into a noun 'doing' or 'the thing that was/is being/will be done'.

In Korean the gerund must agree in tense.

Present tense: Verb stem +

Past tense: Verb stem + ()

-- If the Verb stem ends in it is common to drop the before appending ()or .

Future tense: Verb stem + ()

Note that very often is abbreviated to .

Examples:
수영하는 것이 재미있어요.
Swimming is fun.

Present tense

수영하는 것은 취미예요.
Swimming is (my) hobby.

Present tense

수영하는 것을 좋아해요.
(I) like swimming.

Present tense

늦게 먹는 것은 건강에 나빠요.
Eating late is bad for (your) heath.

Present tense

수업 시간에 음악 듣는 것을 금지해요.
During class time listening to music is prohibited.

Present tense

내 남자 친구는 기타 치는 것을 좋아해요.
My boyfriend likes playing guitar.

Present tense

아침 일찍 일어나는 것은 힘들어요.
Getting up early in the morning is hard.

Present tense

오늘 아침 일찍 일어난 것은 힘들었어요.
Getting up early this morning was hard.

Past tense

친구들이랑 노는 것을 좋아해요.
I like hanging out with my friends.

Present tense

아이들하고 노는 것이 재미있어요.
Playing with kids is fun.

Present tense

놀다 (to play) + : drop the

다시 하는 것 어때요?
How about doing it again?

Present tense

안으로 들어가는 거 어때요?
How about going inside?

Present tense

이렇게 하는 건 어때요?
How about doing it this way (then)?

Present tense

note the contraction: +

내일 집에서 쉬는 게 어때요?
How about resting at home tomorrow?

Present tense

note the contraction: + =

아이들하고 논 것은 재미있었어요.
Playing with kids was fun.

Past tense

If the verb stem ends in it is common to drop the before appending

음식 만드는 것은 재미없어요.
Making food is not fun.

Present tense

만들다 (to make) + : drop the

약을 먹는 것이 싫어요.
I don’t like taking medicine.

Present tense

동생이 숙제하는 것을 도와줄 거예요.
I will help my younger sibling to do homework.

숙제하는 is present tense

지난주에 공부한 것을 잊어버렸어요.
I forgot the thing that I studied last week.

Past tense

아까 종이에 쓴 것이 이름이에요?
Was the thing that you wrote on the paper a moment ago a name?

Past tense

내일 공부할 것이 뭐예요?
What is the thing that (we) will study tomorrow?

Future tense

한국에 안 갈 것이지만 여전히 한국어를 배우고 싶어요.
Even though (I) will not go to Korea, I still want to learn Korean.

Future tense

여전히 means 'still' or 'just as before'

파리를 볼 것을 기대해요.
(I) look forward to seeing Paris.

Future tense

기대하다 means 'to look forward to'

어제 다 사서 오늘은 살 것이 없어요.
(I) bought everything yesterday, so I have nothing to buy today.

Future tense