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Korean grammar - From and to a location - 부터 and 까지

From and to a location - 부터 and 까지

Two more very common prepositions are 부터 and 까지.

We previously saw the particles and 에서 used to mark movement 'to' and 'from' a location.

부터 can be used interchangeably with 에서 to mean 'from'.

까지 can be used interchangeably with to mean 'to'. Or more precisely 'till' or 'up to'. So it can have the sense of 'all the way to' or 'right up to'.

All these prepositional particles can be attached to 어디 (where), 여기 (here), 거기 (there) and 저기 (over there).

서울에서 부산까지는 멀어요.
From Seoul to Busan is far.

Could also say 서울부터

note the topic marker attached to 까지

우리는 서울부터 광주까지 운전할 거예요.
We will drive from Seoul to Gwangju.

Could also say 서울에서

보통 집에서 학교까지 걸어가요.
I usually walk from home to school.

보통 means 'usually'

병원에서 집까지 택시를 탔어요.
(I) took (rode) a taxi from the hospital to the house.
부엌에서 거실까지 가까워요.
From the kitchen to the living room is close.
공항에서 호텔까지 버스로 갈 거예요.
(I) will go from the airport to the hotel by bus.
학교까지 차 태워 주세요.
Please give (me) a ride to the school.

태워주다 means 'to give a life in a car

회사에서 집까지 자동차로 갈 거예요.
(I)'m going to go from work to home by car.
여기에서 저기까지 멀죠?
It is far from here to there, isn't it?
여기에서 시내까지 가까워요?
Is it close to downtown from here?

시내 means 'city'

학원에서 집까지 버스를 타고 가요.
(I) take the bus from school to home.
지하철 역에서 입구까지 걸어 가 봤어요.
(I) tried to walk from the subway station to the entrance.

지하철 means 'subway station'

인도부터 태국까지 여행을 했죠?
(He) travelled from India to Thailand, didn't he?
누가 사원까지 운전해요?
Who will drive to the temple?

사원 means 'temple'

깊게 쌓인 눈 때문에 오늘 아침에 학교까지 걸어갈 수 없었어요.
(We) couldn't walk to school this morning because of the deep snow.

깊다 means 'to be deep'

쌓이다 means 'to pile up'

깊게 쌓인 means 'deeply piled up snow'

친구가 여기까지 왔기 때문에 너무 행복해요.
Because (my) friend came all the way here, (I) am so happy

Here 까지 (in contrast with ) can mean 'all the way to'