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Korean grammar - And - 고

And - 고

Pattern: Verb stem +

The connecting particle is used to link actions or events.

While the actions or events need not be sequential, the context might suggest that they are.

The particle 나서 can be inserted after if the clauses are indeed sequential. Together they roughly translate as 'and then'.

저는 밥을 먹고 갈 거예요.
I will eat and go.
저는 책을 읽고 바로 잤어요.
I read a book and slept immediately.

바로 means 'right now', 'immediately' and also 'straight' or 'strictly'

저는 십분 동안 쉬고 갈 거예요.
I will rest for ten minutes and go.
아기가 일분 동안 울고 배를 먹었어요.
The baby cried for one minute and ate a pear.
저는 당근을 칼로 자르고 냉장고에 넣었어요.
I cut the carrots with the knife and put (them) in the fridge.
우리는 서울에서 이틀 동안 머무르고 부산에 갈 거예요.
We will stay in Seoul for two days and go to Busan.

머무르다 means 'to stay' or 'to remain'

저는 친구를 만나고 나서 은행에 갈 거예요.
I will meet a friend and then go to the bank.

The 나서 (then) emphasises the sequence of events

저는 자고 나서 한국어를 공부했어요.
I slept and then studied Korean.

The 나서 (then) emphasises the sequence of events

저는 점심 먹고 나서 커피를 마셨어요.
I ate lunch and then drank coffee.

The 나서 (then) emphasises the sequence of events

저는 공부하고 나서 밥을 먹어요.
I study and then eat.

The 나서 (then) emphasises the sequence of events

비행기를 타고 제주도에 갈 거예요.
(I) will take a plane and go to Jeju Island.

타고가다 means 'to take transport' or 'to ride'

Here the verb 타고가다 is split.

숙제를 하고 놀아요.
(I) do my homework and play.
그는 전화를 받고 나갔어요.
He answered the phone and left.
미우는 한국 사람이고 메이는 중국 사람이에요.
Miu is Korean and Mei is Chinese.

Even though the verb 이다 (to be) is not an action verb per se, using 이고 here works.

일단 자고 나서 생각할 거예요.
(I) will think about it after (I) sleep.
시험을 잘 보고 성공할 거예요.
(I) will do well on the exam and (I) will succeed.
영화를 보고 나서 피자를 먹어요.
(I) eat pizza after watching a movie.