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Korean grammar - Adverbs from descriptive verbs - 게, 히 & 이

Adverbs from descriptive verbs - 게, 히 & 이

There are three ways to form adjectives from descriptive verbs in Korean:

Add to the Verb stem.

For 하다 verbs change 하다 to . Adding to the Verb stem is also often used for 하다 verbs.

Add to the Verb stem.

Which of these transformations is used depends on the verb and unfortunately the adverbs should be learned by heart.

Note that many adverbs while appearing that they might, do not in fact have a corresponding verb and only have an adverbial form.

-- These include 천천히 (slowly) and 함께 (together).

Examples:
저는 밥을 많이 먹었어요.
I ate a lot of rice.

많다 (to be many) 많이 (many, a lot)

저는 조용하게 먹었어요.
I ate quietly.

조용하다 (to be quiet or still) 조용하게

저는 거리를 안전하게 건넜어요.
I crossed the street safely.

안전하다 (to be safe) 안전하게

저는 행복하게 살았어요.
I lived happily.

행복하다 (to be happy) 행복하게

저는 가끔 너무 많이 먹어요.
I eat too much sometimes.

가끔 means 'sometimes' or 'occasionally'

신중히 고르세요.
Choose carefully.

신중히 or 신중하게 is possible

고르다 means 'to choose' or 'to select'

신중하게 하나를 선택하세요.
Select one carefully.

신중히 or 신중하게 is possible.

솔직히 말하면, 이것은 나에게 너무 복잡해요.
If (I) speak honestly, this is too complicated for me.

솔직하다 (to be honest, to be frank) 솔직히

미나와 함께 하면 두 배 빨리 끝낼 수 있어요.
If (we) do it with Mina, we can finish it twice as fast.

함께 (adverb) means 'with'

함께 is not derived from a verb.

학교 근처에서는 천천히 운전해 주세요.
Please drive slowly near the school.

천천히 means 'slowly'

천천히 is not derived from a verb

근처에 means 'nearby'

근처에서는 with the contrast marker to emphasise this place in contrast with elsewhere.

병을 완전히 비울 거예요.
(I) will empty the bottle completely.

완전하다 (to be complete) 완전히

우연히 전 남자친구를 만났어요.
(I) accidentally met (ran into) my ex-boyfriend.

우연하다 (to be accidental) 우연히

그 문제는 간단히 풀 수 없어요.
That problem cannot be solved easily.

간단하다 (to be simple) 간단히

우리는 콘서트에 대단히 실망했어요.
We were very disappointed with the concert.

대단하다 (to be great, to be huge) 대단히

조종사가 활주로를 분명히 볼 수 없었기 때문에 착륙할 수 없었어요.
(It) was not possible to land because the pilot could not clearly see the runway.

분명히 means 'obviously' or 'clearly'